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Leadership In Education

Top : Leadership In Education - Leading in education is one of the toughest leadership challenges, where leaders are subject to the wants and needs of so many constituencies. In this section we'll tackle the issue of educational leadership generally, and look at specific advice and tips. Particularly relevant to school board officials, trustees, administrators and principals

  • Can Instructional Leaders Be Facilitative Leaders? By Larry Lashway
    Today, prevailing views of leadership suggest that the principal's role should not be to direct others but to create a school culture in which decisions are made collaboratively. Such 'facilitative' leadership exercises power through others, not over them. The basic question is whether or not these two leadership styles are mutually exclusive. (Added: 8-Mar-2010 Hits: 1242 )
  • Communication Skills For School Leaders By ERIC
    On average, leaders are engaged in one form or another of communication for about 70 percent of their waking moments. This Digest provides suggestions for school leaders who want to increase the effectiveness of those interactions. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 986 )
  • Data-Driven School Improvement By ERIC
    Effective educators make effective decisions, decisions based on accurate information. If knowledge is power, then studying the current abilities, skills, attitudes, and learning styles of students empowers educators to adjust the curriculum to achieve whatever goals the school and district have chosen. When educators study their schools and classes, they seek an answer to an ageless question: Is it good because we've been doing it for a long time, or is it good because we have tangible evidence of its worth (James McLean 1995)? In many instances one must conclude the former because no evidence exists to support the latter. One solution is to collect data on student learning that are both timely and accurate. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 808 )
  • Developing Instructional Leaders By ERIC
    Significant educational ideas endure, but they also evolve over time. In the 1980s, "instructional leadership" became the dominant paradigm for school leaders after researchers noticed that effective schools usually had principals who kept a high focus on curriculum and instruction. In the first half of the 1990s, attention to instructional leadership seemed to waver, displaced by discussions of school-based management and facilitative leadership. But recently instruction has surged back to the top of the leadership agenda, driven by the relentless growth of standards-based accountability systems. Explicit standards of learning, coupled with heavy pressure to provide tangible evidence of success, have reaffirmed the importance of instructional leadership. Nevertheless, despite general agreement that instructional leadership is a critical skill, few principals and superintendents have had in-depth training for that role, especially in a standards-based environment. This Digest reviews the demands of today's instructional leadership and discusses steps that universities and school districts can take to help leaders develop the necessary skills. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 932 )
  • Facilitative Leadership In Education and Schools By ERIC
    hen the concept of instructional leadership first emerged in the late 1970s, principals were perceived as effective if they took charge of a school by setting clear expectations, maintaining firm discipline, and implementing high standards. This view of leadership was implicitly hierarchical, dependent on administrators firmly exercising their authority to direct subordinates. Because schools are not easily changed by simple prescriptions, researchers began searching for more sophisticated conceptions of leadership. Influenced by developments in the private sector, they have increasingly focused their attention on "transformational" or "facilitative" models of leadership that emphasize collaboration and empowerment. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 1670 )
  • Inducting School Leaders By Larry Lashway
    Beginning principals are often overwhelmed by their job. Traditionally, they have been left to fend for themselves. This digest examines the challenges faced by new administrators and the steps that districts can take to provide a smooth entry into the principalship. It also describes characteristics of good induction programs. (Added: 8-Mar-2010 Hits: 972 )
  • Inducting School Leaders - Beginning Principals By ERIC
    If experienced principals find their jobs to be exhausting and stressful-and most surveys indicate they do-then what is it like for newcomers? Not surprisingly, words such as "lost," "overwhelmed," and "shell-shocked" pervade the literature on first-year principals. Traditionally, rookie principals have been left to sink or swim. Having completed a university training program, they are presumed to be prepared, and get little direction beyond bland encouragement or an occasional practical tip. But that attitude is changing as schools realize that a scarcity of high-quality principals means promising leaders should not only be energetically recruited but carefully nurtured once they're on board. Formal induction programs are too new to have generated a significant body of empirical research, but there is a growing literature that articulates a rationale for such programs, describes the efforts of districts to nurture new leaders, and provides early testimony that induction efforts are well-received. This Digest examines the challenges faced by new administrators and the steps that districts can take to provide a smooth entry into the principalship. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 1133 )
  • Leadership for School Culture By ERIC
    Successful leaders have learned to view their organizations' environment in a holistic way. This wide-angle view is what the concept of school culture offers principals and other leaders. It gives them a broader framework for understanding difficult problems and complex relationships within the school. By deepening their understanding of school culture, these leaders will be better equipped to shape the values, beliefs, and attitudes necessary to promote a stable and nurturing learning environment. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 879 )
  • Leadership for School Reform: Do Principal Decision-Making Styles Reflect a Collaborative Approach? By Raymond B.Williams
    hool reform has and will continue to be an important cornerstone of government's economic growth plans. This paper examines New Brunswick%u2019s new educational policy and a key strategy for its implementation, the transformation of schools into professional learning communities (PLCs). This transformation is based on an approach to school leadership that relies substantially on principals%u2019 capacity to adopt a collaborative leadership style. The study presented provides insight into decision making, a vital component of New Brunswick principals%u2019 leadership styles, and presents a cautiously optimistic view for the success of this latest reform. (Added: 19-Oct-2011 Hits: 992 )
  • Performance Indicators for Effective Principal Leadership in Improving Student Achievement By na
    he Performance Indicators for Effective Principal Leadership in Improving Student Achievement have been developed by Colleen Seremet, Assistant Superintendent, Dorchester County Public Schools; Bonnie Ward, Assistant Superintendent of Curriculum, Kent County Public Schools; Carol Williamson, Assistant Superintendent, Curriculum and Instruction, Queen Anne%u2019s County Public Schools; and Lani Hall Seikaly, Project Director for the School Improvement in Maryland Web site. The performance indicators are intended to provide clarity and specificity about the skills, beliefs, and knowledge a principal needs to demonstrate effective leadership in improving student achievement. (Added: 19-Oct-2011 Hits: 1344 )
  • Shared Decision-Making In Schools By ERIC
    Shared decision-making (SDM) seems destined to be one of the major reforms of the '90s. With organizations such as the American Association of School Administrators and the National Education Association pushing for adoption of SDM and the mandating of SDM by some states or school districts educators need to learn as much as possible about SDM's complexities. One of the first steps to success with SDM is understanding what it is. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 1049 )
  • The Limits of Shared Decision-Making In Schools By ERIC
    In the 1980s, a startling vision of education's future began appearing in reform proposals: schools run by committees of teachers, without an administrator in sight. While few practitioners (including teachers) considered that a serious goal, most agreed that teachers deserved to play a greater role in school governance. Since then, shared decision-making (SDM) has become a significant part of school-reform efforts. In SDM, teachers are key players in determining school policies and practices. The rationale is simple: those who are closest to student learning are best equipped to make educational decisions. Advocates say SDM will improve student learning, create teacher satisfaction, and develop new forms of leadership. Does it deliver on these promises? While it is premature to make definitive judgments, early studies suggest that enthusiasm should be tempered by realism. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 1161 )
  • The Strategies of a Leader By Larry Lashway
    This digest outlines the tenets of three broad leadership strategies--hierarchical, transformational, and facilitative. It offers the following guidelines for choosing leadership strategies: (1) leaders should use strategies flexibly; (2) leaders should balance short-term and long-term needs; (3) strategic choices must serve institutional values; and (4) the same action can serve more than one strategy. (Added: 8-Mar-2010 Hits: 1057 )
  • The Strategies of a Leader In Education By ERIC
    Geologists tell us that every few hundred thousand years or so the earth's magnetic field flips over; compasses that today point north will some day point south. Something similar happens in school leadership, though the cycles are measured in mere decades. Ten years ago, principals were asked to become "instructional leaders," exercising firm control by setting goals, maintaining discipline, and evaluating results. Today they are encouraged to be "facilitative leaders" by building teams, creating networks, and "governing from the center." Lynn Beck and Joseph Murphy (1993) observe that the metaphors of school leadership have changed frequently over the years; no sooner have school leaders assimilated one recommended approach than they are seemingly urged to move in a different direction. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 862 )
  • Transformational Leadership In Education By ERIC
    This digest examines transformational leadership, which focuses on the importance of teamwork and comprehensive school improvement, as an alternative to other modes of leadership. Transformational leadership is contrasted with: (1) instructional leadership, which encompasses hierarchies and leader supervision and usually excludes teacher development; and (2) transactional leadership, which is based on an exchange of services for various kinds of rewards that the leader controls, at least in part. (Added: 27-Aug-2012 Hits: 1450 )

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